Chlamydia is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease/infection in the United States and is most prevalent among sexually active adolescents, young adults, and certain minority groups. Chlamydia is particularly dangerous because it is often asymptomatic in women and can only be identified through screening methods. Untreated Chlamydia infections can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is a major cause of infertility, ectopic pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain.1
The Report Card benchmark is the Healthy People 2010 goal of a reported chlamydia prevalence of three percent or less among women ages 15-24 tested at family planning clinics [Healthy People 2010 Objective 25-1a].
|State||State Overall Data||State Grade||State Rank|
|District of Columbia||9.5||F||43|
Data Source: Chlamydia (%), 2008.
EXPLANATION: This measure includes females ages 15-24 testing positive for chlamydia in family planning clinics. Data were obtained through routine screening of women at family planning clinics. The percentage of women testing positive was calculated by dividing the number of women testing positive for chlamydia by the total number of women tested for chlamydia. Not all states use the same tests, and test sensitivity varies. The denominator may contain multiple tests from the same individual if that person was tested more than once during a year. States reported chlamydia positivity data on at least 500 women ages 15-24 screened during 2008.
SOURCE: Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2008, Chlamydia Profiles, 2008 (Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010), Table 1, available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia2008/default.htm. The national number is the median of all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “STD Surveillance 2008, National Profile: Chlamydia,” (Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008), available at http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats08/chlamydia.htm