Eating Five Fruits and Vegetables a Day (%)

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend eating a healthful diet consisting of at least five servings of a variety of fruits and vegetables daily.1 These foods help lower the risk of many chronic conditions and diseases. Conversely, poor nutrition increases both the prevalence and the severity of many conditions (including obesity, high blood pressure, osteoporosis and arthritis) and illnesses (including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and certain cancers).2,3

What percentage of women eat five or more servings of fruits and vegetables a day?

The Report Card benchmark of increasing to 50 percent the proportion of people ages two and older who eat at least two daily servings of fruit and at least three daily servings of vegetables is based on a modification of the Healthy People goal [Healthy People 2010 Objectives 19-5, 19-6] to make it consistent with the way the available data are reported.

State State Overall Data State Grade State Rank
Alabama 22.3 F 45
Alaska 27.9 F 25
Arizona 28.6 F 20
Arkansas 24.6 F 38
California 32.9 F 6
Colorado 29.5 F 17
Connecticut 32.7 F 7
Delaware 28.0 F 23
District of Columbia 34.2 F 2
Florida 28.3 F 21
Georgia 27.7 F 26
Hawaii 27.3 F 28
Idaho 31.2 F 11
Illinois 26.5 F 32
Indiana 23.7 F 41
Iowa 23.5 F 43
Kansas 22.6 F 44
Kentucky 24.1 F 40
Louisiana 18.7 F 49
Maine 34.2 F 2
Maryland 31.3 F 10
Massachusetts 31.7 F 9
Michigan 26.4 F 33
Minnesota 26.3 F 34
Mississippi 18.7 F 49
Missouri 26.6 F 31
Montana 32.3 F 8
Nebraska 25.8 F 36
Nevada 25.1 F 37
New Hampshire 33.2 F 4
New Jersey 30.2 F 15
New Mexico 26.8 F 30
New York 30.4 F 14
North Carolina 23.7 F 41
North Dakota 27.6 F 27
Ohio 24.6 F 38
Oklahoma 16.7 F 51
Oregon 31.0 F 12
Pennsylvania 28.0 F 23
Rhode Island 29.6 F 16
South Carolina 20.6 F 46
South Dakota 20.0 F 47
Tennessee 26.1 F 35
Texas 28.2 F 22
Utah 29.3 F 18
Vermont 35.9 U 1
Virginia 33.0 F 5
Washington 30.5 F 13
West Virginia 18.8 F 48
Wisconsin 27.2 F 29
Wyoming 29.0 F 19

Data Source: Eating Five Fruits and Vegetables a Day (%), 2009. 

EXPLANATION:  This measure includes women age 18 and older in the non-institutionalized civilian population who report that they do eat five or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data (BRFSS), 2009, available at http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/brfss/index.asp and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Public Health and Science, Office on Women’s Health. Quick Health Data Online, 2010, Washington, DC, 2010, available at http://www.womenshealth.gov/quickhealthdata. The national overall number and national data by age are the median of 50 states and the District of Columbia.  Data for race/ethnicity and age are three-year averages from 2007-2009 and are age-adjusted to the 2000 standard population.

Footnotes: 

1 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture, “Dietary Guidelines for Americans,” (Washington: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2005), available at http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2005/document/html/chapter5.htm.
2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Physical Inactivity, Poor Nutrition, and Tobacco Use,” (Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, April 2007), available at  http://www.cdc.gov/steps/disease_risk/index.htm#4.
3 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Fruit and Vegetable Benefits,” (Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), available at http://www.fruitsandveggiesmatter.gov/benefits/index.html

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